SON4010 - Embryology, anatomy and pathophysiology - 2017

6 points, SCA Band 2, 0.125 EFTSL

Postgraduate - Unit

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this unit is offered.


Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Organisational Unit

Department of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences


Mu-Sen (Kevin)

Unit guides



  • First semester 2017 (Online)
  • Second semester 2017 (Online)


This unit initially explores the main stages of embryonic development and then addresses specific systems such as the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract and the genitourinary system in more detail. The second major component addresses the gross, regional and sectional anatomy of the thyroid, abdomen and pelvis, the vascular, musculoskeletal, hepatobiliary and genitourinary systems along with examples of pathophysiology relevant to medical ultrasound. A key component throughout this unit is the development of image evaluation skills in relation to the cross-sectional, coronal and sagittal display of these structures and their surrounding regional anatomy.


Upon successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Describe and explain the major stages of embryology, and the specific embryonic development of the digestive, genitourinary, and central nervous system;
  2. Describe and identify the normal structure and function of the vascular system, and explain common vascular pathologies such as atherosclerosis and deep vein thrombosis and their risk factors and symptoms;
  3. Describe the musculoskeletal system in general, explain the anatomy and relevant pathophysiology of the shoulder and knee in detail, and identify normal anatomy;
  4. Identify regional abdominal anatomy, including cross-sectional anatomy, and explain the pathophysiology of the hepatobiliary system and pancreas;
  5. Describe the normal anatomy, physiology and common pathologies of the thyroid and breast, and identify normal anatomy;
  6. Identify regional pelvic anatomy, including cross-sectional anatomy, and explain the pathophysiology of the urinary and reproductive systems.


  • Written exam (3 hours) (SAQ/MCQ) (55%) (Hurdle)
  • Group work assignment (500 words) (5%)
  • Essay 1 (1000 words) (15%)
  • Essay 2 (1500 words) (25%)

Requirement to obtain a pass: Students must obtain at least 50% of available marks overall and at least 50% of available marks in the written examination.

Chief examiner(s)

This unit applies to the following area(s) of study


Must be enrolled in course 3433.