Faculty of Arts

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This unit entry is for students who completed this unit in 2016 only. For students planning to study the unit, please refer to the unit indexes in the the current edition of the Handbook. If you have any queries contact the managing faculty for your course or area of study.

Monash University

6 points, SCA Band 1, 0.125 EFTSL

Undergraduate - Unit

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this unit is offered.



Organisational Unit

Communications and Media Studies


Associate Professor Kevin Foster




Through seminars, workshops, fieldwork and online activities this unit will examine how conflict has been reported on, represented, remembered and memorialised and how differing media have shaped the collective remembering of particular conflict events. It will consider how forms of remembrance intersect with national/ideological imperatives articulated through censorship and propaganda policies and will examine how the remembrance of conflict has been shaped by a combination of political imperative, ideological commitment and technical possibility. The unit will have a specific focus on World War 2, the Italian Resistance, and the massacre of civilians in Tuscany and Emilia Romagna. It will consider textual and cinematic responses to these events and will make use of the physical remains of the conflict and the massacres within reach of Prato. The unit will consider how, alongside written and visual responses to these events, material forms of remembrance - monuments, memorials, museums, cemeteries - function as media and how, in the process of memorialising the dead and articulating political and national ideologies, such sites acknowledge and incorporate countervailing ideologies and the contradictory testimony of survivors. The unit will unpack, examine and critique the complex inter-relations between media, memory and war, exploring how in pursuit of specific political and cultural goals memories of conflict are created, constructed and recovered. Students will be invited to move beyond a purely theoretical understanding of these issues by visiting museums, massacre sites and their memorials, examining and critiquing their mediation and creating a critical/creative response to one such site.


On successful completion of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate an informed understanding of major technical innovations in the press, photography and film from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries;
  2. Articulate an advanced understanding of the roles of different media in shaping dominant modes of remembering conflict enabling an informed perspective on some of the key forces shaping the creation and interpretation of the modern world;
  3. Demonstrate an informed understanding of the nature and functions of propaganda, how it has been employed to advance political and ideological imperatives and how it combines with specific media to frame the remembering of differing conflicts;
  4. Demonstrate an understanding of the history of the Second World War in Italy and a detailed knowledge of the massacres on Monte Sole and their subsequent remembrance;
  5. Demonstrate a sophisticated grasp of how material forms of remembrance, monuments, memorials, cemeteries, places of commemoration, are informed by ideology and function as media;
  6. Apply an advanced understanding of theories of memory, histories of conflict and developments in the media to explore the complex inter-relations of media, memory and war in relation to the Second World War in Italy and the massacres at Monte Sole;
  7. Produce a creative/critical response to a site of conflict, museum, memorial or monument and an accompanying exegesis reflecting on the media employed.


Within semester assessment: 100%

Workload requirements

Minimum total expected workload to achieve the learning outcomes for this unit is 144 hours per semester typically comprising a mixture of scheduled learning activities and independent study. A unit requires on average three/four hours of scheduled activities per week. Scheduled activities may include a combination of teacher directed learning, peer directed learning and online engagement.

  • Additional requirements
  • This unit will be taught intensively at Prato

See also Unit timetable information

Chief examiner(s)

This unit applies to the following area(s) of study

Communications and media studies
Arts enrichment units


Twelve credit points of second-year Arts units.