Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Monash University

Undergraduate - Unit

This unit entry is for students who completed this unit in 2015 only. For students planning to study the unit, please refer to the unit indexes in the the current edition of the Handbook. If you have any queries contact the managing faculty for your course or area of study.

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24 points, SCA Band 3, 0.500 EFTSL

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this unit is offered.

FacultyFaculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
OfferedClayton Second semester 2015 (Day)
Malaysia Second semester 2015 (Day)
Coordinator(s)Dr Richard Loiacono and Professor Shah Yasin


THEME 1: 'Health Enhancement Program' develops strategies for personal health enhancement and ethical/legal issues relevant to professional responsibility, the doctor-patient relationship and public accountability.
THEME 2: 'Population Health' develops an understanding of epidemiology, construction of epidemiological study design, function and interpretation of statistical information and critical appraisal of research publications.
THEME 3: The scientific basis of clinical practice of the musculo-skeletal, cardiovascular medicine and human life span.
THEME 4: 'Clinical Skills' develops comprehensive medical history taking skills and examination of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and peripheral nervous system. Develop an awareness of key ethical issues involved in communication with patients, family members, carers and health professionals. Rural attachment: a week based at a rural centre will focus on developing an understanding of the practice of medicine in a rural context.


Theme I:

Upon successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Recognise the legal requirements and protocols in clinical practice including documentation, patient care and safety
  2. Respect and maintain privacy and confidentiality (peers, university & health care staff, external stakeholders, patients, clients)
  3. Discuss issues related to justice, the importance and role of advocacy within the health system
  4. Practice principles of ethical decision making and consultation with peers and teachers
  5. Describe characteristics of a respectful, non-judgemental and empathic approach to others
  6. Maintain an appropriate standard of behaviour including demeanour, appearance and meeting commitments.
  7. Communicate clearly, effectively and appropriately in oral, written and electronic formats
  8. Identify the types of risks and errors in health care settings and the role of health care professionals in ensuring the quality of patient care
  9. Recognise the importance of research and quality improvement
  10. Recognise the need to evaluate and critically reflect upon judgements and health care practices relating to patient outcomes
  11. Recognise peers experiencing difficulty and identify available support services
  12. Describe appropriate environments and use strategies for sensitive and effective communication and interaction with others (simulated patients, peers, teaching staff)
  13. Identify the roles and responsibilities health care team members and their professions and show the ability to work collaboratively within a team
  14. Engage in learning opportunities and participate in peer learning, leadership and teaching activities
  15. Recognise own strengths and limitations, including personal factors which impact upon performance, and seek support for improvement
  16. Take responsibility for own self-care and health issues.

Theme II:

Upon successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Describe the concept of primary healthcare and the interrelated themes of social justice and human rights in the context of population health
  2. Describe the effects of the key social determinants of health on health status and outcomes in marginalised groups, including the Indigenous population
  3. Explain the effects of cultural, geographic and economic factors on access to healthcare and health status
  4. Discuss the components, organisation and goals of health systems, and the relationship between health system quality and health outcomes
  5. Define levels of disease prevention
  6. Explain key concepts in medical screening and diagnostic programs including validity and reliability of these programs.
  7. Describe the relationship between exposure, causation and risk factors for disease and morbidity in populations
  8. Describe the purpose of health promotion programs
  9. Describe key concepts in population health, epidemiology and measurement of health and disease in populations
  10. Describe key concepts in biostatistics and interpret biostatistical information in medical research publications
  11. Describe the characteristics of different study designs used in population health and clinical research
  12. Describe the role of health care services in maintaining health and in monitoring, managing and preventing disease
  13. Describe the interaction between health care consumers and health care services
  14. Identify sources of information used to support clinical decision making and management in health care
  15. Identify human and organisational factors that may impact upon patient care
  16. Outline the principles involved in efficient allocation of health care funding
  17. Outline the structure of medical literature and the roles of the different academic styles of writing
  18. Search for medical research information and data from personal, print and electronic sources
  19. Organise and manage information sourced from medical research publications and popular information sources
  20. Critique information on health and health care provided to the public.

Theme III:

Upon successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Explain the function of peripheral sensory systems, sensory pathways, motor pathways and the importance of sensory feedback
  2. Describe the general and detailed organization of the limbs and back
  3. Identify and test the muscle groups acting on the joints of the upper and lower limb, the cranio-vertebral and the intervertebral joints, and their normal range of movement
  4. Identify the surface markings of the major joints, nerves, blood vessels, ligaments and bony features of the upper and lower limbs and vertebral column and understand the application of imaging technologies to the musculoskeletal systems
  5. Discuss the detailed structure and function of the tissues of the musculoskeletal system, including bone, muscle, tendon, articular cartilage, ligaments and connective tissue
  6. Explain key concepts of human psychology and the neurobiological basis of human behaviour
  7. Discuss the pathogenesis of diseases caused by bacteria and microbes
  8. Outline the pharmacological agents used in the treatment of infectious disease
  9. Describe the trajectory of development, and its importance to an understanding of the individual as a complete human being within a social setting
  10. Describe the structure and function of the healthy cardiovascular system
  11. Discuss the mechanisms and effects of selected common pathologies affecting the cardiovascular system
  12. Outline therapeutic agents commonly used to deal with disorders of the cardiovascular system
  13. Give an account of the interactions of the cardiovascular system in the maintenance of homeostasis
  14. Discuss the structure and function of neurons, signaling mechanisms, drug actions and receptors mechanisms, and the organization, inter relationship and general function of all divisions of the nervous system.

Theme IV:

Upon successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Conduct a structured patient centred interview in simulated environments
  2. Elicit a structured, comprehensive and logical history in simulated environments
  3. Perform an appropriate examination for specified systems in simulated environments.
  4. Perform specified clinical procedures and tasks in simulated environments
  5. For specified conditions, identify relevant investigations for the patient's presenting problems or conditions
  6. Identify the required information for completion of requests for investigations.
  7. Provide a basic interpretation of results for specified investigations
  8. Outline the reasons for prioritising patient care
  9. Generate a problem list
  10. Formulate a differential diagnosis (list)
  11. Identify the function of management plans in patient care
  12. For specified conditions identify clinically appropriate medications
  13. Explain the importance of monitoring patients
  14. Explain the importance of fluid and electrolyte management
  15. Identify the importance of procedures and documentation for continuity of care
  16. Provide structured and effective case presentations
  17. Recognise the basic elements of patient files

Rural Attachment:

Upon completion of this Rural Attachment, students should be able to:

  1. Recognise the importance of place to health, illness, injury and health service delivery
  2. Describe the health, illness, community services and facilities available in a rural location
  3. Recognise how rural health differs across gender, age, race and sexual orientation
  4. Compare and contrast medicine in a rural context with their metropolitan experiences to date.


This unit requires students to undertake off-campus clinical placements. In the clinical setting students will have an opportunity to apply theory to practice under supervision. Attendance is mandatory for the clinical component of each unit.


Examinations and written assignments to account for 70% of the end of Year 1 result. Assessment of materials presented in the result for MED1022 will be a pass grade only (PGO).

Hurdle: Students must attend a minimum of 80% at designated small group teaching activities to pass this unit.

Chief examiner(s)

This unit applies to the following area(s) of study


Must be enrolled in courses 0040, 1074, 3856, 4531 or 4533.