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SON4021 - Sonographic abdominal imaging

6 points, SCA Band 2, 0.125 EFTSL

Postgraduate Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Leader: Mr Paul Lombardo


Clayton First semester 2007 (Off-campus)
Clayton Second semester 2007 (Off-campus)


Sonographic scanning methods and standard protocols related to examinations of adult liver, gallbladder, biliary system, pancreas, gastrointestinal tract, urinary system, spleen, retroperitoneum, abdominal wall, related vascular structures. The scientific principles underpinning tissue harmonic imaging and use of contrast agents in abdominal sonography. Interpretational skills in respect to recognition of sonographic appearances of normal anatomy, anatomical variants, disease processes and ability to modify standard sonographic approaches with regards to the clinical question and patient presentation.


On successful completion of this unit student will be able to:

  1. describe and justify the selection of protocols, imaging parameters, equipment and transducers for sonographic examinations of the organs and structures comprising the digestive and urinary systems;
  2. perform routine sonographic examinations of the abdomen safely and to a standard and ethical conduct expected of a sonographer of an intermediate beginner level or higher;
  3. recognise and describe normal and abnormal sonographic appearances of the organs and structures comprising the digestive and urinary systems and related artefacts;
  4. appreciate the need to adaapt and modify standard imaging protocols when dictated by the clinical condition of the patient together with the limitations of this imaging method;
  5. use Spectral, Colour and Power Doppler techniques where appropriate;
  6. demonstrate an understanding of the application of contrast agents and tissue harmonic imaging in abdominal sonography, describe and apply quality assurance principles to sonographic abdominal imaging.


Compulsory attainment of a requisite number of 150 sonographic abdominal examinations (at least 30 are renal)
Two case based minor assignments: 20%
Written examination (2 hours): 40%
Image recognition examination (1 hour): 20%
Clinical skills assessment: 20% or Evidence Based Clinical Practice Assignment: 20%.

Off Campus Attendance Requirements

Recommended attendance at a one day workshop at the Clayton campus.


SON4000, SON4010


3 days a week performing relevant clinical ultrasound examinations or equivalent